|2019/12/15 11:00||Green Car Congress||
Northvolt launches recycling program targeting 50% recycled material in new Li-ion cells; “Revolt”
European Li-ion battery maker Northvolt has launched Revolt—a program devoted to recycling of lithium-ion batteries. As a first move towards securing a European ecosystem for lithium-ion battery recycling, Northvolt will establish a pilot recycling plant in Västerås, Sweden, adjacent to Northvolt Labs manufacturing plant. The pilot plant is anticipated to be online in 2020 and will serve as a platform for developing and validating the Northvolt recycling process. The facility will target an initial recycling capacity 100 tons per year, handling NMC and NCA lithium-ion chemistries. The pilot plant will build on work undertaken over the last two years and provide us the necessary tools to take us to the next level – from research laboratories into the real-world. What we learn at the pilot plant will be key to optimizing the design, build and ultimately the operation of a much larger capacity recycling plant which will be established at Northvolt Ett.—Emma Nehrenheim, Chief Environmental Officer Enabled by a full-scale recycling plant at Northvolt Ett, Northvolt is ultimately targeting a goal of 50% of material in new cells being drawn from recycled materials by 2030. This target will be secured through a phased build-up in capacity, beginning with a first block to be operational in 2022 with capability to recycle approximately 25.000 tons of battery cells per year. In preparation for this goal, over the last two years Northvolt has been developing methods for key processes required for recycling lithium-ion batteries. Significant accomplishments have been secured through collaboration between Northvolt and researchers engaged with optimizing a process design for hydrometallurgical treatment at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. This process will be used to recover valuable metals from end-of-life batteries, including lithium, nickel, manganese and cobalt. The recycling program is supported by EIT InnoEnergy. Revolt opens up a very exciting chapter for Northvolt and will demonstrate how the environmental benefits of batteries can be pushed even further than we currently see with their use to replace fossil-fuels. For the customers, this also means we are able to offer assurance and services for sustainable handling of end-of-life batteries they are bound to by European law.—Emma Nehrenheim Europe currently hosts battery recycling capacity of around 33,000 tons per year. However, existing capacity is neither well-suited to effectively recover valuable metals found in lithium-ion batteries, or of sufficient capacity to handle the volumes of batteries which will be placed on the market as electrification ramps-up. Already in 2019, some 75,000 tons of batteries will reach end-of-life.
|2019/12/15 10:30||Green Car Congress||
California ARB approves air quality plan for South Coast Air Basin ahead of 2023 deadline; calls for Federal action
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) voted to approve an updated plan for the South Coast Air Basin aimed at further cutting smog-forming emissions to attain the federal 8-hour ozone standard. The air quality plan is the most stringent in the nation. In order to address some of the country’s highest levels of smog, the plan includes new strategies to improve air quality, ranging from a new statewide locomotive regulation to more stringent off-road diesel engine standards. The plan also includes current efforts to transform California’s vehicle fleet to zero-emission. Combined, these measures will provide an additional 25 tons per day of NOx reductions that can be credited toward the 108 tons of NOx per day reduction that is still needed to attain the federal 8-hour ozone standard by 2023. The remaining reductions are reasonably available from further action at the federal level, CARB said. CARB estimates controls on these sources for which the federal government is primarily responsible—e.g., interstate trucks, planes, trains and ships—could lower NOx emissions in the South Coast by more than 60 tons per day. Even while calling for more action by the federal government to reduce pollution, in taking its action, CARB underscored that it will continue to use its authority to the fullest extent to achieve more reductions from pollution sources it regulates. The plan approved today reflects more hard work by California air quality regulators to use all the tools and authority at our disposal to achieve emissions reductions needed to protect people in the South Coast who are exposed to unhealthful air. But it is imperative that US EPA move quickly to do its job and reduce pollution from the sources it has the responsibility to regulate. To meet the 80 parts per billion ozone standard in the South Coast, all levels of government must do their part. The updated plan serves as a call to action. California is prepared to coordinate with US EPA on all efforts to focus on real actions to reduce emissions.—CARB Chair Mary D. Nichols The US EPA first established the 80 parts per billion 8-hour ozone standard (80 ppb averaged over 8 hours) in 1997. Since then, CARB and the South Coast Air Quality Management District have together achieved NOx reductions of 900 tons per day. Sources under state control have been reduced by between 70% and 90%, while sources under federal jurisdiction have been reduced by only 16%, and some federal sources of emissions are growing. While much progress has been made to clean up the air in the South Coast Air Basin—home to more than 17 million people in Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Orange, and Riverside counties—the air basin still has the worst smog in the country.
|2019/12/15 10:00||Green Car Congress||
SAL Heavy Lift first to equip vessels with new hydrogen / methanol injection technology
SAL Heavy Lift, a member of the Harren & Partner Group and one of the world’s leading carriers specialized in sea transport of heavy lift and project cargo, is the first shipping company in the world to adopt a new hydrogen/methanol technology to its fleet. With significant emission reductions in terms of CO2, SOx, NOx and other particles, the injection technology developed by FUELSAVE GmbH paves the way for making shipping greener and more energy efficient. After more than four years of close cooperation, testing and development between SAL and FUELSAVE GmbH, alongside project stakeholders EcoTune Marine, Clas- sification Society DNV GL as RO for Antigua and Barbuda flag, Carl Baguhn, MAN Energy solutions, M.A.C. System Solutions, AVL and the flag state administration of Germany, the new and advanced FS MARINE+ hydrogen / methanol injection solution is now entering the next stage of validation, after which it will find its way to six SAL vessels as a permanent installation. The FS MARINE+ system uses an intelligently controlled hydrogen syngas generator and injector that combines a proprietary gas injection with other efficiency enhancement processes such as a specific water methanol injection to increase combustion efficiency, leading to a cleaner and cooler combustion, thereby reducing fuel consumption and emissions. By injecting an onboard-generated proprietary hydrogen-based synthesis gas with methanol into the engine under approved and tested security mechanisms, the system improves the combustion efficiency. Due to the higher energy potential of the gas mix, the ignition takes place earlier and the fuel is being burned more complete providing more energy with a more efficient combustion. Simultaneously the operating temperature is decreased on the heat-bearing parts of the combustion process. SAL has always been a frontrunner when it comes to innovation and we are dedicated to make shipping more efficient and cleaner by using technologies that creates a long-lasting effect. We have tested a prototype on a generator engine of our MV Annette over more than two years with very convincing results. The FS MARINE+ system not only achieved significant fuel savings, but also emission and air pollution reductions which was verified by 3rd parties both during field trials and in laboratory tests.—Sebastian Westphal, CTO of SAL Heavy Lift With this system we are driving the clean fuel transition with a high impact solution. It can optimize the energy consumption and the environmental impact significantly irrespective of what fuel type you operate your vessel with. Thus, it is applicable with MDO, MGO, HFO, LSFO as well as LNG. We are looking forward together with SAL to take a lead in supporting the shipping industry in its efforts to become more environmentally sustainable.—Marc Sima, CEO of FUELSAVE GmbH The FS MARINE+ generator has proven to make average reductions of 10% less CO2, 15% less SOx, 30-80% less NOx and 40% less particle emissions. SAL’s MV Trina is the first vessel to be retrofitted with the FS MARINE+ system in Q1 2020. Following a successful system integration on MV Trina, five more vessels will follow. MV Trina with Gottwald cranes. MV Trina is a type 176 vessel, deadweight 12,000 t. The vessel, 151.67m in overall length, has a top speed of 20 knots.
|2019/12/15 9:30||Green Car Congress||
Steelmaker ArcelorMittal Europe targets 30% cut in carbon emissions by 30% by 2030
ArcelorMittal Europe announced a roadmap to reduce CO2 emissions by 30% by 2030. The target for ArcelorMittal Europe – Flat Products is in line with an ambition announced in May to be carbon neutral in Europe by 2050. The roadmap to achieve the 30% target is based on three distinct pathways that have the potential to deliver a significant reduction in carbon emissions, including: Clean power steelmaking, using clean power as the energy source for hydrogen-based steelmaking, and longer term for direct electrolysis steelmaking; Circular carbon steelmaking, which uses circular carbon energy sources, such as waste biomass, to displace fossil fuels in steelmaking, thereby enabling low-emissions steelmaking; and Fossil fuel carbon capture and storage, where the current method of steel production is maintained but the carbon is then captured and stored or re-used rather than emitted into the atmosphere. Key to the success of the roadmap, and ArcelorMittal Europe’s ambition to be carbon neutral by 2050, will be supportive policy to ensure a global level playing field. Thus, ArcelorMittal supports the European Commission’s Green Deal, and believes the right market mechanisms are a critical part of enabling the deployment of low-emissions steelmaking. This includes a carbon border adjustment complementary to the existing ETS and the Just Transition Fund, to invest in research, innovation and green technology. Initiatives and technologies underway or to be implemented at ArcelorMittal Europe – Flat Products’ different sites include: Carbalyst – capture waste gases from the blast furnace and biologically convert it into bio-ethanol. The €120-million launch project, developed in partnership with LanzaTech, at ArcelorMittal Ghent is expected to be completed in 2020. Once completed, it will capture ~15% of available waste gases and convert those into 80 million liters of ethanol annually. LCA studies predict a CO2 reduction of up to 87% from Carbalyst bio-ethanol compared with fossil transport fuels. (Earlier post.) IGAR – captures waste CO2 from the blast furnace and converts it into a synthetic gas that can be reinjected into the blast furnace in place of fossil fuels to reduce iron ore. An industrial pilot of this technology is being developed at ArcelorMittal Dunkirk in France. Torero – €40-million investment to convert waste wood into bio-coal to displace the fossil fuel coal currently injected into the blast furnace. The first large scale demonstration plant in ArcelorMittal Ghent is expected to be in operation by the end of 2020. H2 Hamburg – €65-million investment at Hamburg site to increase the use of hydrogen for the direct reduction of iron ore. The installation will generate the hydrogen from gas separation of the waste gases at the existing plant and demonstrate the technology with an annual production of 100,000 tonnes of iron per year. In the future, the plant should also be able to run on green hydrogen (generated from renewable sources) when it is available in sufficient quantities at affordable prices. Carbon capture and storage – integrating breakthrough technologies to bring down the costs of capturing, purifying and liquifying CO2 from waste gases. Construction of a carbon capture and storage pilot project, 3D, will begin at ArcelorMittal Dunkirk in 2020 and will be able to capture 0.5 metric tons of CO2 an hour from steelmaking gases by 2021. We are committed to the decarbonization of the steel industry, in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the European Union’s commitment to net-zero by 2050 as announced in the Green Deal this week. Our roadmap and the emissions reduction target of 30% by 2030 for Europe is a big step in the right direction. It’s not a one-size-fits-all model, as different parts of our business are at varying starting points. For some sites, certain technologies will work while others will be suited to another route. We’ve spent the last few years testing a range of technologies and now is the time to scale up and put them into action, with the support of the EU and member states, to ensure we are able to fully decarbonize.—Geert Van Poelvoorde, CEO ArcelorMittal Europe – Flat Products
|2019/12/14 10:30||Green Car Congress||
Mercedes-Benz switching to cameras instead of side-mirrors on heavy-duty trucks
Since June 2019, Mercedes-Benz Trucks has been supplying the new heavy-duty Actros truck with MirrorCam—side-mounted digital rear-view mirrors—as a standard feature. The digital rear-view mirror not only looks futuristic but can also do much more than conventional main and wide-angle mirrors. Its performance far exceeds the legal requirements. The MirrorCam consists of two cameras mounted on the left and right of the roof frame, two upright monitors mounted on the A-pillars in the driver’s cab and control elements in the door module and in the secondary display. There are also buttons on the passenger side and by the bed to switch on the MirrorCam when the engine is switched off. The images transmitted by the cameras are transferred to the two 15.2-inch monitors with a resolution of 720 x 1920 pixels. Like the conventional mirror system, the monitor image is divided into a main and wide-angle field of vision. As the MirrorCam cameras are attached to the roof frame and the monitors are located inside the cab, the driver has a much better direct view through the side windows. The view diagonally ahead, which was previously obstructed by the large exterior mirrors of a conventional mirror system in many situations, is now clear. This is particularly advantageous when approaching junctions and roundabouts, when maneuvering and in tight bends. The MirrorCam also assists the driver when reversing and the display then changes to a special maneuvering view. In particular, reversing around corners is made easier as areas further away from the vehicle are also displayed in the usual size. This view is automatically activated when reverse gear is engaged and is still displayed when driving forwards up to a speed of ten km/h or until it is deactivated with a button. The distance lines in the display of the MirrorCam are also useful: they help the driver to better gauge the distance to objects behind the vehicle according to the driving situation. In addition, before moving off, the driver can use the door control panel to position one of the lines to symbolize the end of the vehicle in the display. To this end, the driver places an object that is well visible, such as a fluorescent jacket, on the ground next to the end of the trailer and aligns the line accordingly. If the system detects a change in the towed unit such as a trailer or semi-trailer, the driver is alerted by a flashing line that the length of the truck may have changed. However, the system only needs to be realigned if this is actually the case. Later on, when overtaking, MirrorCam displays red, orange and yellow markings to show the driver if he or she can safely move back to the right lane or if a few metres are still needed for the necessary safe distance. A special highlight of the MirrorCam is demonstrated when cornering with a semitrailer truck: the image on the display on the inside of the corner also swivels, so the driver always has a perfect view of the end of the trailer when cornering. In contrast, with a conventional mirror system the mirror on the inside of the corner often only shows the side wall of the trailer due to the articulation angle of the semitrailer/tractor combination. Here the driver has a much higher risk of cutting the corner and colliding with an obstacle than when using the MirrorCam. The high mounting position of the camera arms not only ensures excellent visibility, it also gets much less dirty in this position than the lower glass mirror. The water-repellent coating of the camera lenses also means less dirt. Furthermore, the view of the screens is free of reflections and dirt on the side windows of the cab. The camera system is automatically heated when temperatures fall below 15 degrees Celsius, and the brightness can be adjusted separately for the driver and passenger sides. At the touch of a button, the driver can quickly return to the basic setting if the field of vision had previously been adjusted manually for special driving situations. At dusk and at night the cameras with their powerful light have advantages over a conventional rear-view mirror: the system continuously adjusts to the changing light conditions. The same applies to areas with artificial lighting such as a tunnel. Sideguard Assist. MirrorCam and Sideguard Assist work hand-in-hand in the new Actros and the new Arocs. Sideguard Assist is a warning system that helps the driver prevent dangerous right-turn accidents. The system gives a visual and an acoustic warning in good time if there is a risk of collision with a stationary or moving object in the warning area on the right-hand side of the truck: first, a yellow triangle appears in the display of the MirrorCam on the passenger side, then a red triangle. The driver can then usually brake in time if they have overlooked something on the passenger's side when turning right. This is particularly important in busy city traffic with lots of cyclists, pedestrians and parked cars. Sideguard Assist also functions as a Lane Change Assist for the right side and warns the driver here with a yellow or red triangle in the MirrorCam monitor if another road user is next to the truck in the right lane. Fewer blind spot problems. MirrorCam has a further safety advantage over a conventional mirror system: some drivers unintentionally travel with mirrors that are not optimally adjusted. This can result in a dangerous blind spot on the passenger side into which other road users such as cyclists, pedestrians or electric scooters can easily disappear. In some situations even a slight adjustment of the seat position is enough to create a blind spot on the passenger’s side. This is because with a conventional mirror, the driver’s line of vision is always defined by the formula “angle of incidence equals angle of deflection”. This blind spot problem no longer exists with MirrorCam and Sideguard Assist because the displays always show the same camera image—regardless of the angle from which the driver looks at the monitor. And in case of doubt, Sideguard Assist gives a warning. Monitoring at rest. The MirrorCam can be switched on for a further two minutes at a time from the driver’s cab even when the engine is switched off and after the two-minute shut-off delay for safely leaving the vehicle. There are switches for this in the cab on the passenger side and at the bed. This is a useful function which enhances safety for the driver, as it allows him or her to view the area around the vehicle at any time without being seen. If, for example, the driver hears what might be thieves checking out the tank or the cargo, they can observe them even when the curtain is closed and, if necessary, sound the alarm. The camera arms of the MirrorCam can be folded in the direction of travel and against the direction of travel. This minimizes damage in the event of a collision. Due to the smaller size and the high mounting of the MirrorCam system alone, there is much less risk of it catching on something. Trucks with MirrorCam can be retrofitted with conventional mirrors at pre-defined connection points in the door body structure in the event of a later resale of the vehicle.