|2019/1/19 11:00||Green Car Congress||
DOE collaborating with Michigan to advance hydrogen and fuel cells
The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC) aiming to enhance collaboration on hydrogen and fuel cell research and development (R&D) with the state of Michigan to promote private investment and domestic job creation.
Through this MOU, MEDC will leverage capabilities at DOE’s national laboratories to enhance analysis and data collection to guide future R&D.
Michigan and DOE will also work to develop emerging hydrogen infrastructure technologies and grow the domestic supply chain.
DOE’s Fuel Cell Technologies Office focuses on advancing an innovative portfolio of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies through early-stage applied research and technology development. Technology R&D includes hydrogen production (from diverse domestic resources, including renewable, fossil, and nuclear resources); infrastructure development (including hydrogen delivery and storage); and fuel cells for transportation, stationary, and portable applications.
Through its H2@Scale initiative, the office brings together stakeholders to advance affordable hydrogen utilization to increase revenue opportunities in multiple energy sectors.
|2019/1/19 10:15||Green Car Congress||
In Europe, Ford introduces Mondeo hybrid wagon, 2.0L EcoBlue diesel for Mondeo
Ford revealed the enhanced Mondeo—including a new Hybrid Wagon variant for the first time—at the Brussels Motor Show in Belgium. Further significant Mondeo powertrain upgrades include:
Ford’s advanced 2.0-liter EcoBlue diesel engine introduced to Mondeo, for superior long-distance cruising;
Ford’s new intelligent eight-speed automatic transmission introduced to Mondeo, which adapts shift patterns to driving style for improved refinement, and is controlled using a stylish and ergonomic rotary gear shift dial;
Adaptive Cruise Control enhanced with Stop & Go joins Mondeo’s sophisticated suite of driver assistance technologies alongside Intelligent Speed Limiter, for easier driving in motorway and stop-start traffic.
Combined with the benefits of a low CO2 petrol engine we expect the Hybrid to account for up to 50 percent of sales. At the same time we are introducing an all-new diesel powertrain with SCR (selective catalytic reduction) technology to meet and exceed the latest Euro 6d Temp emissions standards, with an all-new 8-speed automatic transmission available.
—Roelant de Waard, vice president, Marketing, Sales & Service, Ford of Europe
Ford has sold more than 250,000 Mondeos in Europe since the fourth generation model began reaching customers in 2015.
In both wagon and coupe-inspired four-door body styles, the self-charging Mondeo Hybrid is capable of pure electric driving and offers silent key start capability for refinement particularly in city and stop-start driving scenarios. The new Mondeo Hybrid wagon delivers the driving range and freedom offered by a traditional combustion engine with the efficiency and refinement of an electric powertrain for customers who require greater load-carrying capability.
The latest generation of Mondeo Hybrid powertrain control software delivers a smooth, linear response to acceleration demand for a refined driving experience. The enhanced powertrain software is also more effective at using the engine’s torque to deliver greater fuel efficiency and performance—adjusting transmission ratios to utilize the highest engine torque at lowest engine speed.
The hybrid powertrain delivers 187 PS, and combines a specially-developed 2.0-liter Atkinson cycle gasoline engine; electric motor; generator; 1.4 kWh lithium-ion battery; and a Ford-developed power-split automatic transmission that emulates the performance of a continuously-variable transmission.
Regenerative braking technology captures up to 90% of the energy normally lost during braking to replenish the battery, contributing to anticipated CO2 emissions from 96 g/km and fuel efficiency from 4.2 l/100 km (56 mpg US) for the four-door, and anticipated CO2 emissions from 101 g/km and fuel efficiency from 4.4 l/100 km (53.4 mpg US) for the wagon.
Further technologies designed to help drivers optimize efficiency without sacrificing comfort include:
Ford’s SmartGauge interface for monitoring fuel and energy consumption with features including Brake Coach that encourages gradual braking to help return more energy to the battery.
Electric power-assisted steering; and electrically-powered air-conditioning, powertrain cooling and vacuum systems, which significantly reduce drag on the engine.
A specially-developed exhaust gas heat recovery system that enables faster cabin warming.
The new wagon body style provides 403 liters (14.23 ft3) load capacity beneath the cargo cover for Mondeo Hybrid customers with the rear seats in place, and up to 1,508 liters (53.25 ft3) with the rear seats folded, while a flat floor makes loading and unloading of large or bulky items easier. Additional storage is concealed beneath the load floor.
The top-of-the-range Mondeo Hybrid Vignale is also now offered in both wagon and four-door body styles.
2.0L EcoBlue diesel. Fordis offering its advanced 2.0-liter EcoBlue diesel engine in Mondeo for the first time, delivering the driving performance of a larger capacity engine alongside the fuel efficiency and low CO2 emissions synonymous with a smaller engine capacity. The 2.0-liter EcoBlue engine is offered with:
120 PS, delivering from an anticipated 117 g/km CO2 emissions and from 4.5 l/100 km (52.2 mpg US) fuel efficiency
150 PS, delivering from an anticipated 118 g/km CO2 emissions and from 4.5 l/100 km fuel efficiency
190 PS, delivering from an anticipated 130 g/km CO2 emissions and from 4.9 l/100 km (48 mpg US) fuel efficiency
An integrated intake system with mirror-image porting for optimized engine breathing; low-inertia turbocharger that enhances low-end torque; and high-pressure fuel injection system that is more responsive, quieter and offers more precise fuel delivery than the outgoing 2.0-liter TDCi diesel engines, all help meet the latest stringent Euro 6d Temp emissions standards. Standard SCR emissions after-treatment contributes to improved NOx reduction.
Ford’s new eight-speed automatic transmission—offered with 150 PS and 190 PS 2.0-litre EcoBlue engines—has been engineered to optimize further fuel efficiency and deliver responsive performance and smooth, swift gearshifts. The transmission features:
Adaptive Shift Scheduling, which assesses individual driving styles to optimise gearshift timings. The system can identify uphill and downhill gradients and hard cornering, and adjust gearshifts accordingly for a more stable, engaging and refined driving experience.
Adaptive Shift Quality Control, which assesses vehicle and environmental information to help adjust clutch pressures for consistently smooth gearshifts. The technology can also adjust shift smoothness to suit driving style.
A six-speed manual transmission also is offered, and 2.0-liter EcoBlue Mondeo models can be equipped with Ford’s Intelligent All-Wheel Drive technology, which measures how the car’s wheels are gripping the road surface and can adjust torque delivery up to 50/50 between the front and rear wheels in under 20 milliseconds.
|2019/1/19 10:07||Green Car Congress||
BMW Group moves step closer to holding 75% of BMW Brilliance Automotive in China
The long-term expansion of the BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd. (BBA) Joint Venture has achieved a significant milestone: a Special General Meeting of Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Ltd. (CBA) in Hongkong has approved the sale of a 25% shareholding in BBA to the BMW Group. Around 63% of the represented shareholders voted in favor of this step.
As announced in October 2018 on the 15th anniversary of BBA, the BMW Group intends to increase its stake in BBA from 50% to 75%; both partners signed a corresponding agreement. As part of the agreement the contractual term of the joint venture, which would currently expire in 2028, is to be extended to 2040. The transaction remains subject to the approval of the relevant authorities. The deal is scheduled to close in 2022 at the latest when the joint venture requirement for auto manufacturing in China will be lifted.
It is the BMW Group’s goal to further strengthen its long-term cooperation with CBA; increase production capacity in Shenyang; and continue to expand the localization of additional models including new energy vehicles (NEVs). Therefore, an investment of more than €3 billion in new and existing plant structures in Shenyang over the coming years was announced in October: In Tiexi, the site’s capacity will double.
With its highly flexible production system, the new plant in Tiexi will be able to build vehicles with fully electric, partially electric and conventional drivetrains on a single production line. Further extensive remodelling and expansion measures will also be carried out at the neighbouring plant in Dadong.
Its structure will be expanded to accommodate future BMW model variants and the expected increase in customer demand. As a result, from the early 2020s the total annual production capacity of BMW automobiles at the BBA plants will gradually increase to 650,000 units, creating 5,000 new jobs.
|2019/1/19 9:30||Green Car Congress||
GlobalData: China to account for 44% of Asia’s crude oil refining capacity in 2023
China will drive the majority of growth in the crude oil refining industry in Asia between 2018 and 2023, contributing 44% of Asia’s crude oil refining capacity in 2023, according to GlobalData.
The company’s report: ‘China Crude Oil Refinery Outlook to 2023’ finds that the total refining capacity of China in 2018 was 15,994 thousand barrels per day (mbd)—46% of Asia’s total refining capacity in 2018. The country’s total refining capacity is forecast to increase at an average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 4.5% to 20,035 mbd in 2023. China’s planned and announced crude oil refining capacity is expected to increase from 460 mbd in 2018 to 3,721 mbd in 2023.
China is expanding its refinery capacity due to its industrial growth, and growing demand from the transportation sector. The refining capacity additions will drive China’s crude imports, and will further improve the country’s capability to export petroleum products.
—Soorya Tejomoortula, Oil & Gas Analyst at GlobalData
GlobalData also forecasts that China’s total crude distillation unit capacity will increase from 15,954 mbd in 2018 to 19,994 mbd in 2023. There will be no condensate splitter capacity additions in China during the outlook period, which will remain the same at 36 mbd.
The country’s total coking capacity, catalytic cracker capacity and the hydrocracking capacity is expected to increase during the outlook period. The total coking capacity is expected to increase from 1,991 mbd in 2018 to 2,371 mbd in 2023. China’s total catalytic cracker unit capacity is expected to increase from 4,359 mbd in 2018 to 5,532 mbd in 2023. Over the five year period, the hydrocracking unit capacity of the country is set to increase to 2,922 mbd from 1,846 mbd.
China has a total of 179 active crude oil refineries and around 12 planned and announced refineries are expected to commence operations by 2023. The top three active refineries in China, in terms of the crude distillation unit capacity, are Maoming, Zhenhai and Huizhou with 472 mbd, 462 mbd and 440 mbd, respectively. Dayushan Island refinery will be the largest planned refinery with planned crude oil refining capacity of 800 mbd in 2023, followed by Dalian III and Jieyang with 400 mbd each.