|2018/5/22 15:03||Green Car Congress||
Punch Powertrain and XPT to form joint venture for production of EV powertrains in China
Punch Powertrain and XPT have signed a joint venture agreement that will establish a new manufacturing plant in Nanjing and will yearly supply hundreds of thousands of electric powertrains for pure EV applications to customers of both partners. The partners will invest €10 million in a new production facility in Nanjing, where powertrains of both partners will be industrialized. Design and development of current and future products will remain within the parent companies. To start the cooperation, one single-speed electric transmission by Punch Powertrain and one by XPT will be brought in production beginning of 2019. Punch Powertrain’s EP2 packages a high-output switched reluctance motor, single-speed gearbox, power electronics and controls. XPT is a global startup, based in China, focused on e-propulsion platforms, including Electric drive systems and energy storage systems. XPT operates under the car manufacturer NIO, supplying primarily to NIO, but also to other OEMs. XPT has full design and development capabilities for electric propulsion systems. In Punch Powertrain it has found an established partner with broad automotive experience for the industrialization of their transmissions. Punch Powertrain is an independent supplier of powertrains with more than 45 years of experience in development and industrialization. The company has started with CVTs and in recent years expanded its portfolio with DCTs, Hybrid and Electric Powertrains. This JV enables Punch Powertrain to accelerate its electrification rate and to faster scale up its production of electric powertrains. In the past years Punch Powertrain has successfully been implementing its expansion strategy by expanding its product portfolio and establishing a broader customer base on the global market. According to Punch Powertrain’s business intelligence, the move towards New Energy vehicles will happen faster than generally assumed by the ICE-minded automotive community. The company has been taking steps towards cleaner and electrified drive systems for years; with the mass production of its first electric powertrain, the company sees its strategy materializing. Earlier this month, Groupe PSA selected Punch Powertrain as the supplier of its next-generation e-DCT electrified transmission systems by 2022. (Earlier post.)
|2018/5/22 14:41||Green Car Congress||
UK government launches new clean air strategy; ending sales of conventional diesel and gasoline LDVs by 2040
UK Environment Secretary Michael Gove published a new Clean Air Strategy to cut air pollution backed up through new primary legislation. The UK said it will go further and faster than the EU in reducing human exposure to particulate matter pollution. These proposals are in addition to the government’s £3.5-billion (US$4.7-billion) plan to reduce air pollution from road transport and diesel vehicles, set out in July last year. The European Commission is taking the UK to court—along with Germany, France, Italy, Romania, and Hungary—over its long-standing failure to meet EU limits for nitrogen dioxide (NO₂). The new UK strategy, now out for consultation, is a key part of a 25-Year Plan; stated goals for the strategy include: By 2025, to halve the number of people living in locations where concentrations of particulate matter are above the WHO guideline limit of 10 ug/m3. To introduce new primary legislation, which will give local government new powers to improve air quality. To legislate to ensure only the cleanest domestic fuels will be available for sale, preventing 8,000 tonnes of harmful particulate matter from entering the atmosphere each year. To take concerted action to tackle ammonia from farming, responsible for 88% of ammonia emissions, by requiring farmers to invest in the infrastructure and equipment that will reduce emissions. Farmers will be supported to achieve this through a new system of public money for public goods. To work with international partners to research and develop new standards for tires and brakes to address toxic non-exhaust emissions of micro plastics from vehicles which can pollute air and water. To provide a personal air quality messaging system to inform the public, particularly those who are vulnerable to air pollution, about the air quality forecast, providing clearer information on air pollution episodes and accessible health advice. Among the other actions detailed in the new plan to reduce emissions from transport are: A coming plan to reduce emissions from shipping and aviation. Ending the sale of new conventional diesel and gasoline cars and vans by 2040. New legislation enabling the Transport Secretary to compel manufacturers to recall vehicles and machinery for any failures in their emissions control system, and make tampering with an emissions control system a legal offense. A coming plan to phase out diesel-only trains by 2040. Air quality strategies for all major English ports. Air quality has improved significantly since 2010 but sixty years on from the historic Clean Air Act a clear truth remains—air pollution is making people ill, shortening lives and damaging our economy and environment. This is why today we are launching this clean air strategy, backed up with new primary legislation. It sets out the comprehensive action required across all parts of government to improve air quality.—Environment Secretary Gove The UK also released a report showing just 1 in 5 respondents felt they knew a lot about the effects of air pollution. The report also showed a lack of awareness of the wide range of sources of air pollution with most naming transport as the main cause. However, transport emissions are only one part of the problem. From farming to cleaning solvents there are a large range of other day to day practices, processes and products that produce harmful emissions. Of particular concern, the government noted, is burning wood and coal to heat a home which contributes 38% of UK emissions of damaging particulate matter. Cleaner fuels and stoves produce less smoke, less soot and more heat. In future only the cleanest domestic fuels will be available for sale. Also announced, by UK Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt, was a new tool for local authorities developed for Public Health England by Imperial College and the UK Health Forum which will enable local authorities to estimate the economic impact of air pollution in their area. The tool takes account of the cumulative cost for diseases where there is a strong association with air pollution: coronary heart disease; stroke; lung cancer; and child asthma.
|2018/5/22 14:23||Green Car Congress||
Exoès and Saft partner to improve Li-ion battery thermal management
Organic Rankine Cycle specialist Exoès and Saft Incubator have signed a cooperation agreement to do common tests to improve next generation battery thermal management. The temperature of a Li-ion battery has a major influence on its performance and its lifespan. Harsh climatic environments and severe solicitations can rapidly degrade cells if their temperature is not correctly managed. Aside from the cell chemistry, the associated thermal management is another strategic component of the battery system performance. Saft is a 100-year-old company and one of the leading developers of cutting edge batteries. This agreement will enable Saft to explore new paths to improve the performance of its batteries with innovative thermal management in various applications. We have found in Exoès a really skilled partner in thermal management and testing that will hopefully bring further innovation to our developments. The battery pack that includes the thermal management function is foreseen to be a key driver to improve battery performances in the coming years.—Nicolas Evanno, Director of Incubator Department at Saft This cooperation will enable Exoès to demonstrate its key competences in thermal management and testing. This also gives Exoès a strong position in the field of engineering services and product development for batteries in the sectors of energy and transport. We consider that thermal management will be key to improve battery performance in the coming years. This partnership is the first stepping stone of our offers in the zero- emission domain which Exoès will strongly develop in the 3 coming years.—Arnaud Desrentes, Exoès CEO Exoès Engineering has key competences and technologies in thermal management and fluid transfers dedicated to 2 markets: thermal engine emissions reduction and zero emission propulsion and storage. The company, founded in 2009, has developed the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC)-based EVE (Energy Via Exhaust), an exhaust waste heat recovery technology which reduces heavy-duty engine fuel consumption and emissions. A heat exchanger evaporates a working fluid into high pressure gas; the transfer of heat from the exhaust gases is controlled by an actuated by-pass valve. Exoès’ patented expander is mechanically coupled to the powertrain. As the low pressure gas comes out of the expander, it is condensed into liquid through a compact heat exchanger (condenser). The closed loop of the working fluid is fed by an electro-pump, which drives the working fluid back to the boiler.
|2018/5/22 9:45||Green Car Congress||
New method for the precise analysis of the composition of secondary organic aerosols in PM
Researchers in Poland have developed a new precise method for the chemical analysis of secondary organic aerosol (SOA)—an important yet not fully characterized constituent of atmospheric particulate matter. The method, easily adaptable in many modern laboratories, not only determines the chemical composition of compounds, but also recognizes changes in the spatial distribution of atoms in molecules. The Warsaw-based scientists from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences (IPC PAS), the Institute of Organic Chemistry of the PAS and the Institute of Environmental Protection of the National Research Institute presented their method in a paper in the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry. The chemical properties of molecules, especially organic ones, are determined not only by their chemical composition itself, but also by the spatial structure of the molecules. SOAs are characterized by a richness of chemical compounds, many of them occurring in isomeric forms—i.e., differing in the distribution of atoms in the molecule, and consequently also in their chemical properties. The detection of these isomers used to be the weak point of modern analytical techniques. Atmospheric aerosols are a major pollutant of the Earth’s atmosphere. They consist of fine particulate matter with diameters below 100 μm that are suspended in the air. A large proportion of aerosols originate in the atmosphere through the chemical transformation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) followed by gas-to-particle partitioning and/or transfer, followed by further reaction therein. These aerosols are known as secondary organic aerosols (SOA). Consequently, SOA particles are complex mixtures of organic and inorganic compounds that have a negative impact on human health, influence the biosphere and take part in climate change. The organic fraction of atmospheric aerosols is one of the most important subjects of recent atmospheric studies. … Most of these compounds are strongly hydrophilic and occur as minute quantities in samples. Thus, they are difficult to separate or analyze with conventional techniques and resist detailed identification of molecular structure, including differentiation of positional and/or stereo isomers. … the quantification of SOA components of complex isomeric profiles remains a challenge for analytical atmospheric chemists. The goal of this study was to optimise and improve commonly used UHPLC [ultra-high performance liquid chromatography] methods and create a tool for the qualitative comparison for SOA compositions obtained in different environmental laboratories. —Spolnik et al. The Warsaw-based scientists have shown that a very accurate chemical composition of the atmospheric aerosol can be obtained without any great financial expenditure, with the help of apparatus already operating in many contemporary laboratories. There is only one condition: during the analysis, various analytical chemistry tools need to be skillfully combined. In this tandem analytical technique, the key role is played by the specific combination of possibilities offered by two quite common analytical techniques: chromatography and mass spectrometry. Particulate matter is collected for research using special samplers. They suck in air, which passes through a system of nozzles allowing for division of the aerosol particle fractions depending on their size. What enters the instrument reaches a clean quartz fibre disc on which it is deposited. Then, by means of solvent extraction, the collected aerosol particles are transferred to the solution and concentrated there. As part of our method, we chose, among others, more effective solvents for transferring particles to the solution, which significantly improved the results obtained by mass spectrometry.—Dr. Rafal Szmigielski, corresponding author and professor at IPC PAS The new method of analyzing smog particles is accurate and fully reproducible. Samples taken from the same place, analyzed in different laboratories, lead to the same results. This means that those who are professionally responsible for monitoring the environment will be able to provide the public with truly reliable information on the current concentration of pollutants in the air. Knowledge of not only the chemical composition of smog particles, but also the isomers of its individual components, is of additional, significant practical significance. With such accurate knowledge, scientists are able to more precisely identify the sources responsible for the emission of individual compounds and recreate the migration of pollutants in the atmosphere. Resources Grzegorz Spolnik, Paulina Wach, Krzysztof J. Rudzinski, Krzysztof Skotak, Witold Danikiewicz, and Rafal Szmigielski (2018) “Improved UHPLC-MS/MS Methods for Analysis of Isoprene-Derived Organosulfates” Analytical Chemistry 90 (5), 3416-3423 doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b05060
|2018/5/22 9:00||Green Car Congress||
Study suggests more active commute could cut risk of developing and dying from heart disease
People who are more active when commuting to work by walking or cycling could be cutting their relative risk of developing ischaemic heart disease or stroke by 11% and their relative risk of dying from these diseases by 30%, suggests an open-access study published in the BMJ journal Heart. Physical activity, including less vigorous forms such as walking and cycling, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Despite this well-known benefit, levels of activity are still low in many countries. There are concerns that many peoples’ lives involve increasingly sedentary occupations and little opportunity for leisure time physical activity. Thus, activity as part of a journey—such as the commute or for transport in general—can offer a comparatively easy way to integrate exercise into daily life. However, despite current clinical practice guidelines recommending physical activity, the benefits of active travel on mortality and morbidity are still unclear. A team of researchers from the University of Cambridge, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, and Imperial College London, set out to investigate the associations between using alternatives to the car which are more active for commuting and non-commuting purposes, and illness and mortality. The researchers used data on 358,799 participants in the UK Biobank, a national population based study designed to measure and track the health of adult residents of primarily urban areas in the UK. Data was studied on these people between 2006 and 2010. People were followed up for an average of seven years. They were asked about their commute and non-commute travel and to detail whether they relied exclusively on the car or used alternative modes of transport that were more active at least some of the time. Outcome measures used were incident and fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD), incident and fatal cancer, and all-cause mortality. Among the results of the study: Approximately two-thirds of commuters relied exclusively on the car to travel to work, with more active travel patterns being more frequently reported for non-commuting travel. Cycling was less prevalent, being mentioned by 8.5% and 7% of regular commuters for commuting and non-commuting travel, respectively, and by 4.8% of other participants. Analysis of the data showed that regular commuters with more active patterns of travel on the commute had a 11% lower risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and 30% lower risk of fatal CVD. Those regular commuters who also had more active patterns of commute and non-commute travel combined had an even lower risk of fatal CVD: 43% less risk. Among people who were not regular commuters, more active patterns of travel were associated with an 8% lower risk of all-cause mortality. This was an observational study, so no firm conclusions can be drawn about cause and effect, but the authors said their analysis had used a very large multicentre general population dataset, and had focused on feasible travel choices for commuting and non-commuting travel. The authors took into account potential confounding factors, such as other physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption and measures of socioeconomic status. They also excluded participants who developed disease or died within two years of follow-up to reduce the likelihood of reverse causation—meaning that those who have early signs of disease may be less active because of their illness and so more likely to travel by car. They concluded that interventions that encourage people to make more use of public transport, walking and cycling could be more widely promoted, including by clinicians. Resources Panter J, Mytton O, Sharp S, et al. (2018) “Using alternatives to the car and risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality” Heart doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2017-312699
4th EU Electromobility Stakeholder Forum
Projects FREVUE, I-CVUE and ZeEUS, together with the European Commission, are glad to invite you to the 4th edition of the EU Electromobility Stakeholder Forum. This key e-mobility event will offer 2 days of learning, discussions and networking. A range of electrifying topics will be covered from urban design opportunities, multimodal and interoperable charging infrastructure, operational impact of electric vehicles right through to results achieved so far.
Electric Car Batteries Just Hit A Key Price Point
Electric vehicle demand in the past five years has soared in the US. The same is true worldwide. By the end of 2014, more than 700,000 total plug-in vehicles had been sold worldwide (plug-in hybrids and pure battery electrics), up from about 400,000 at the end of 2013. As of 2015, dozens of models of electric cars and vans are available for purchase, mostly in Europe, the United States, Japan, and China.
A major reason for the rapid jump in EV sales is the rapid drop in the cost of their key component -– batteries. The energy stored in a battery is measured by kilowatt-hour (kWh). The more kWh stored, the further the car can go on one charge, so a key metric for battery economics is the cost per kWh. The lower the cost, the cheaper it is to build an electric car with a significant range.
New steering system proposed to increase electric-car efficiency
The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany and automotive supplier Schaeffler are working to develop a new type of steering system specifically for electric cars that could improve their efficiency.
As with most internal-combustion cars, electric cars use a power assist to decrease steering effort. This draws electricity from a car’s battery pack, affecting range, the two partners note. KIT and Schaeffler propose a system that does away with the standard apparatus of a steering column linked to the wheels by tie rods. Instead, the prototype system uses individual electric motors for each of the front wheels to steer.
Energy Ministry touts Thailand as electric vehicle hub
The Energy Ministry plans to give its full support to promoting Thailand as an electric vehicle (EV) production hub. Energy Minister Narongchai Akrasanee said his ministry would amend regulations and electricity transmission to allow access to electricity chargers at petrol stations. The policy is expected to help increase the sales of EVs at home, which would attract car makers to choose Thailandas a production base, he said.
Electric cars could cut oil imports 40% by 2030, says study
Electric cars could cut the UK’s oil imports by 40% and reduce drivers’ fuel bills by £13bn if deployed on a large scale, according to a new study.
An electric vehicle surge would deliver an average £1,000 of fuel savings a year per driver, and spark a 47% drop in carbon emissions by 2030, said the Cambridge Econometrics study.
The paper, commissioned by the European Climate Foundation, said that air pollutants such as nitrogen oxide and particulates would be all but eliminated by mid-century, with knock-on health benefits from reduced respiratory diseases valued at over £1bn.